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Circle the best answer, B, or C.

1. Most university students _______ on campus in their first year.

2. They _______ personal computers when my father was a student.

3. I finished my essay yesterday but I _______ it to the tutor yet.

4. When I arrived the lecture ______ so I didn’t find it easy to follow.

5. I______ the doctor at 2.00 this afternoon so I can’t go to the lecture.

6. While we’re working on the project our boss ______ on a beach in Greece!

7. You can base your geography assignment on ______ country – it doesn’t matter which.

8. My brother is driving me round the bend at the moment.

9. I wouldn’t ______________ him. He can really play well if he’s in good shape

10. You should visit Bath. It’s ______ city.

11. This factory produces some of ______ cameras in the world

12. The bookshop ______ the end of the road is excellent.

13. Scientists finally ______ find a cure for the disease after years of research.

14. What ______ in order to get a permit to work in your country?

15. Doctors have ______ us to cut down on salt in our diets if we want to reduce the risk of getting heart disease.

16. My parents encouraged ______ this course.

17. I’m aiming ______ a band 7 in IELTS.

18. What will you do if ______

19. If I didn’t have to work tonight, ______

20. The minister ______ is responsible for education has just resigned

21. Many children these days do not have a healthy diet. ______ is responsible that this is because less healthy foods are cheaper than healthy ones.

22. In the past we threw a lot of our kitchen waste away, but today many items such as plastic bottles and newspapers ______.

23. These drugs are the best medicine available as a treatment at the moment, ______ they are expensive, unfortunately

24. I’m sorry I made you angry. I wish I _____ at you.

25. "Why haven't you phoned me?" he asked me.

Reading Passage 1

Reading the passage and questions below. For each question, choose the correct answer A, B, C, or D.

Lost in the mountains

Josh Linden, 16, had a scary experience last year. During a camping trip with his family, he got lost on a mountain. This is Josh's story.


Autumn in the mountains is a beautiful time; the changing colours of the leaves on the trees, the cool daytime temperatures and the chance to be outdoors attract thousands of campers, including my family. We'd been camping regularly since I was seven, and I considered myself an experienced camper and hiker.


Last year was no different. We had been planning our annual camping trip for months. We were going to spend five days hiking and camping in the mountains in the north of the country. It's an area of great natural beauty. The landscape was really beautiful, the sun shone brightly and we spent every day hiking along mountain trails and then camping at night.


On the last day, we set out for a final hike. After coming to the end of a long trail, we put up the tents to camp there for the night. However, I'm impatient by nature and it was still daylight, so I decided to explore the area a bit on my own. My dad warned me not to go too far away and told me that I should keep the sun behind me and to the left in order to find the camp.


Unfortunately, I wasn't paying very much attention to dad. I’d heard from other campers that there were deer in the area and I wanted to see them. All I took with me was my camera. I must have been walking for about thirty minutes when I saw some animal tracks on the ground. I was sure they were from a deer, so I followed them. I went deeper into the forest, but I wasn't worried - I was certain I could find my way back to camp. All of a sudden, there they were - a herd of deer, around ten of them. I couldn't believe my luck! I watched them for a while and then started taking photos. As I tried to get closer, I made a sound and the deer turned and ran away. I should have stayed where I was, but stupidly, I followed them. I could hear them in the distance ahead of me and I kept running towards the sound, but they were in their natural environment and knew where to hide. After a while, I could no longer hear them and decided it was time to head back to camp.


Suddenly, I realised that the sun had gone down and afternoon had turned into evening. I realised with a shock that I wouldn't be able to get my directions by looking at the sun and I had no idea where I was. I began to feel panic and started shouting for help, but no one heard me. Basically, I had two choices; I could look for the camp in darkness, or I could spend the night alone on the mountain and find the camp when the sun came up. Choosing the second option, I broke branches off of a tree to make a bed that would keep me off the cold ground. I was hungry and thirsty, but there was nothing I could do about it. What a cold, miserable night I spent on that mountain alone.


The next morning, I noted the position of the sun and began walking quickly, trying to find something that looked familiar. Before long, I thought I heard shouting. I stopped moving and listened carefully. Yes! It was my dad calling my name. I shouted back and he soon found me. I can't tell you how glad I was to see him! My dad was glad to see me, too, but that didn't stop him from telling me what an absolute idiot I’d been!

1. What did Josh often do with his family when he was a boy?

2. Why did Josh get lost?

3. The word “them” in paragraph 4 refers to _______.

4. Josh decided to get back to the camp when _______.

5. How did Josh survive?

6. The word “idiot” in the last paragraph could best be replaced by_______.

7. What is the reading text mainly about?

Reading passage 2


In the Scottish Highlands there, is believed to be a monster living in the waters of Loch Ness. The waters of Loch Ness are one mile wide and 24 miles long, the largest body of freshwater in the United Kingdom. To many sceptics, this monster is only a modem day myth, but to others who claim they have seen it, the monster exists and still lurks in the waters of Loch Ness today.

Throughout Scotland, research has been done at several lakes but Loch Ness Is the icon for monsters – Nessie, as the monster is affectionately named, being the most popular of them all. Both professionals and amateurs flock to this lake with their cameras in the hope of capturing a brief glimpse of Nessie and possibly solving the mystery of the Loch Ness monster.

The very first sighting of Nessie was as far back as 565 AD. It is believed that she ate a local farmer and then dived back into the waters, with no accounts of being seen again for over 100 years. However, since the turn of the 20th century, several other people have claimed to see her. Some people believe that old Scottish myths about water creatures such as Kelpies and water horses have contributed to the idea of tills wondrous monster lurking beneath.

2007 brought about the most recent sighting of Nessie. A tourist named Gordon Holmes from Yorkshire visited the Loch Ness waters and claims lie not only saw her, but has captured her on video. He claimed she was jet black, about 15 metres long and travelling in a very straight line at about 6 miles per hour. Despite this supposed evidence, controversy still reigns and opinion clearly divided about its existence. The video footage has been discredited amid accusations of tampering, whilst others claim mat the image caught by Holmes could be nothing more than a tree trunk or even one of the otters that inhabit the loch.

Some scientists believe that the Loch Ness monster could a mirage or a psychological phenomenon in as much as sometimes we see what we want to see. Of course, those who have seen her beg to differ, but many experiments have been conducted to arrive at theories to explain what it is that people could be witnessing. It has been suggested that Nessie could be related to a prehistoric animal known as a Plesiosaur, an animal that measured up to ten metres in length and is otherwise thought to be extinct, although this theory is unsupported by any data. One scientist, in particular, has been researching the lake itself to find out more about its history. It seems that for such a large animal to live in this lake it would require a vast food source, but for such an amount of fish to survive there would need to be plenty of microscopic animals called zooplankton. The only way to find out how much of this there is in the water is to measure the amount of algae. Algae needs light to survive so by measuring just how deep the daylight can penetrate the lake scientists can then start to work out what kind of population can be sustained. Despite results that suggest that the fish population was too small, the conclusions drawn were inconclusive.

In the 1900s, a ten-year observational study was carried out, recording an average of 20 sightings of Nessie per year, The phenomenon exploded in the second half of the century, when photos were publicly released of a ‘flipper’, Submarines were sent into dying Loch Ness to try to discover more about this creature (and now are actually run as tourist attractions). Another theory behind why Nessie rose to the top of the waters where she was more likely to be seen, was that disruption from nearby road works in the 1930s forced her to move to higher levels due to the amount of vibration fell in the water. Another argument centres on the geographical placement of the Loch, which sits on the Great Glen fault line formed over 400 million years ago. Some scientists have claimed that resulting seismic activity in the lake could cause disturbances on its surface and people could be mistaking this for Nessie.

Up until today, there is no convincing proof to suggest that the monster is real, which, given the preponderance of digital cameras, webcams trained on the loch and other technological advances in recording equipment, suggests that the myth of Nessie may be just that – a myth. Nonetheless, accommodation all over the Scottish Highlands offers tours of the lake itself so tourists can try to catch their own glimpse of Nessie, In 2007, it was estimated that related tourism brought in an estimated £6 million to the region, thanks to the attention of the film industry.

Questions 8-13: Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage?      
TRUE                    if the statement is true
FALSE                   if the statement is false
NOT GIVEN          if the information is not given in the passage

8. The first reported sighting of the Loch Ness monster was in 1962.

9. It is believed the idea for the Loch Ness monster may have been inspired by other stories of sea creatures.

10. The last person who claims to have seen the Loch Ness monster has video footage.

11. There is evidence to suggest that the Loch Ness monster is related to the plesiosaur.

12. Testing of algae in the loch proved that the food source was insufficient to sustain Nessie.

13. Many people believed that Nessie rose to the surface because of the movement of the Great Glen fault line.

Questions 14-20:
Answer the questions below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER
from the passage for each answer.

14. When was the first recorded sighting of Nessie?

15. What was Cordon Holmes suspected of doing to the video footage?

16. What common animal may have been caught on camera and mistaken as proof of Nessie?

17. Images of what, caused an increase in the number of Nessie enthusiasts?

18. What can visitors hoping to see Nessie travel in?

19. Disturbances caused by what could have caused the creature to surface?

20. What has promoted tourism in the Loch Ness area in recent years?

SECTION 1: Questions 1-10
Complete the form below.
                                                   Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
                                                                                      SHORT STAY ACCOMMODATION


1. First name:

2. Country of Origin:

3. Date of Arrival:

4. Number of Tenants:

5. Purpose of Visit:

6. Type of accommodation:

7. Car parking: off-street and.....

8. Other requirements: near...

9. Name of town:

10. Price range: up to $ .... a week

SECTION 2: Questions 11-20
Questions 11-14
Choose the correct answer A, B or C.

11. Refreshments will be served

12. Nick Noble advertised

13. The original number of founding members was about

14. The club provides activities primarily for reasonably fit

Questions 15-20

Complete the table below.

Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

Activity: 15 ...............................

Activity: 16 ...............................

Contact person: 17 ................................

Duration: 18 ................................

Activity: 19 ...............................

Contact person: 20 ................................

SECTION 3 Questions 21-30

Questions 21-26

Complete the note below. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.

Globalization and Educational Change

GEC 692 New Code: 21 ...........................................

Chance to research and 22................................................... progress of educational change

Investigate influence of culture and 23 ………........................... on education

Consider the 24 ......................................... of globalization on diversity of national curricula across richer and poorer countries

Assignment #1= power point presentation (ungraded) + 25 ..................................... (30%)

Assignment #2= take part in 26 ...................................................(20%) + essay (50%)

Questions 27-30

Complete the table below


Author: 27 …………...............................

Date: 28. ……............................

Author: 29 ...............................................

Title: Globalization and 30 ………………..................